Introducing Scope of Management
Among management functions leadership is basic one and most recognized . One part of this management function are methods determined for encouraging staff and to achieve common goal. Entity (unit, division, department and etc.) on its head must have the person who is ready to lead and to transfer to assistants and colleagues own enthusiasm for the goals. To conclude, this means to motivate staff.
Otherwise, there is a great opportunity and incentive to report a jump ball in the final achievement of results which lead to a miscarriage of goals. Most popular motivation theories in Scope of Management are the Herzberg Two-Factor Theory and Maslow’s well known hierarchy of needs. Both theories try to explain a way of encouraging staff to perform tasks more efficiently, and to find factors that will give personnel satisfaction, to motivate them. To perform this function, managers are often additionally educated in the field of psychology because the motivation and motivators are very complex issue. The reason for this is the individuality of each person, and therefore a combination of motivators for everyone else affected.
For example, certain individuals may be motivated by the possibility of promotion (which is closely related to personnel functions), while others may be motivated by a pleasant business environment (organizational function) and better bonuses (including organizational function).
For defining leadership also should be stressed that there are different ways (styles) of leadership that are still classified versatile by different authors. So, if we look at the styles of authority there are three basic types: autocratic style of leadership, democratic or participative style and laissez faire.
In the scope of autocratic style, superior is responsible for giving instructions to subordinates without expectations and needs for feedback, ie, the one-sided communication is implemented. As part of that subordinates also do not communicate with each other, but it unfolds through their superiors.
Unlike the previous, Democratic or participative leadership style supports two-way communication superior-subordinate, and subordinates to communicate with each other. However, decisions are made at top management level, although the participation and taking into account the opinion of the lower levels of management is important.
Reference source of information is available at Management Functions.